Invalidating childhood environments in anorexia and bulimia nervosa ukdatingdirect com
An individual subsequently learns to distrust their emotions and beliefs and fails to develop sophisticated, functional emotion regulation strategies because adequate parental modelling was absent.
A further repercussion of emotional invalidation is impaired self-esteem. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 35, 204-210.
Self-esteem describes the opinion an individual holds about how worthy the self is. Karatzias, T., Chouliara, Z., Power, K., Collin, P., Yellowlees, A., & Grierson, D. General psychopathology in anorexia nervosa: The role of psychosocial factors.
Eating disorders are serious and frequently involve the presence of other psychological disorders such as anxiety or depression. The relationship of self-esteem and body esteem in women with and without eating disorders.
While eating disorders appear to be underpinned by a number of interacting social, cultural, psychological and physiological factors, research suggests growing up in an emotionally invalidating environment and possessing poor self-esteem are related to the development of both anorexia and bulimia. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 31, 318-323. Bulimia as a disturbance of narcissism: Self-esteem and the capacity to self-soothe.
Bulimia typically involves periods of uncontrollable binging followed by compensatory behaviour including vomiting, laxative abuse and excessive exercise. Self-liking and self-competence: Relationship of symptoms to anorexia nervosa.
Both anorexics and bulimics form self-judgments according to their perceived body weight and shape (American Psychological Association, 1994).